Ephemera Bibliography

This bibliography merely touches the top of the iceberg as far as recording publications on ephemera. It begins with a selection of writings on ephemera in general, paper, and conservation. Following are citations to publications arranged alphabetically by their subjects, Almanacs through Visiting Cards. In addition to this list, please refer to the What Is Ephemera? section of this Web site where other writings have been noted.We encourage you to tell us your favorite ephemera categories and to let us know what we should add to this list of sources! General Ephemera
Air Transport Labels
Board Games
Cameo cards 
Commercial catalogs
Crate labels
Greeting cards
Lottery tickets
Paper dolls
Playing cards
Rewards of Merit
Sheet music
Street literature
Trade cards
Visiting Cards

General ephemera

Hechtlinger, Adelaide and Wilbur Cross. The Complete book of paper antiques. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1972.

Koppel, Lily. The Red Leather Diary: Reclaiming a Life Through the Pages of a Lost Journal. New York, Harper Collins, 2008.

Lewis, John Noel Claude. Collecting printed ephemera: a background to social habits and social history, to eating and drinking, to travel and heritage, and just for fun. London: Studio Vista, 1976.

Reed, Robert. Paper advertising collectibles: treasures from almanacs to window signs. Norfolk, Va.: Antique Trader Books, 1998.

Rickards, Maurice. This is ephemera: collecting printed throwaways. Brattleboro, Vt.: Gossamer Press, 1977.

Roylance, Dale. Graphic Americana: the art and technique of printed ephemera from abecedaires to zoetropes. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Library, 1992.This Is Ephemera

Rickards, Maurice; Michael Twyman, ed. The Encyclopedia of ephemera: a guide to the fragmentary documents of everyday life for the collector, curator and historian. New York: Routledge, 2000.


Herring, Richard. Paper & paper making ancient and modern. London, Eng.: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, 1863.

Hunter, Dard. Papermaking: the history and technique of an ancient craft. New York: Dover Publications, 1978.

Krill, John. English artists paper: Renaissance to Regency. London: Trefoil, 1987.

Leif, Irving P. An International sourcebook of paper history. Hamden, Conn.: Archon, 1978.Graphic Americana

Weeks, Lyman Horace. A history of paper-manufacturing in the United States, 1690-1916. New York: Lockwood Trade Journal Co., 1916.


Ellis, Margaret Holben. The Care of prints and drawings. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association for State and local History, 1987.

Lepeltier, Robert. The Restorer's handbook of drawings and prints. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1977.

Reilly, James M. Care and identification of 19th-century photographic prints. Rochester, NY: Eastman Kodak Co., 1986.

Ounce of PreservationRempel, Siegfried. The care of black and white photographic collections: identification processes. Ottawa: Canadian Conservation Institute, 1980.

Sagraves, Barbara. A preservation guide: saving the past and the present for the future. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1995.

Tuttle, Craig. An Ounce of Preservation: a guide to the care of papers and photographs. Highland City, Fla.: Rainbow Books, 1995.

Weinstein, Robert A. Collection, use, and care of historical photographs. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association for State and Local History, 1977.

Air Transport Labels

Airline Artistry, Don Thomas, 1992.

Air Transport Label Catalog (Vol. 1-6), Don Thomas (editor):
- Volume 1A: Europe (Northern & Western Europe), 1993.
- Volume 1B: Europe (Southern & Eastern Europe), 1993.
- Volume 2: Great Britain/Ireland/Australia/New Zealand, 1991.
- Volume 3A: United States (A thru M)/Puerto Rico/Virgin Islands, 1993.
- Volume 3B: United States (N thru Z)/Canada/Caribbean, 1993.
- Volume 4: Latin America, 1991.
- Volume 5: Africa, 1991.
- Volume 6: Asia, 1991.Air Transport Label

En Route: Label Art from the Golden Days of Air Travel, Lynn Johnson/Michael O'Leary, 1993.

Lindbergh and Commercial Aviation, Don Thomas, 1988.

Martin's Air Transport Label Catalog 1934, S.F. Martin, 1934.

Martin's Standard Air Transportation Label Catalog, S.F. Martin, 1937 (1971 reprint).

Nostalgia Artistica, Don Thomas, 1993.

Nostalgia Northamericana, Don Thomas, 1990.

Nostalgia Panamericana, Don Thomas, 1987.

Poster Art of the Airlines, Don Thomas, 1989.


Brigham, Clarence S. "An Account of American Almanacs and their Value for Historical Study." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, vol. 35, 1925, pp. 194-209.

Drake, Milton. Almanacs of the United States. New York: Scarecrow Press, 1962.

Sagendorph, Robb. America and her Almanacs. Dublin, NH and Boston: Yankee, 1970.

Board Games

Games & Puzzles

Bell, R.C. The Boardgame book. Los Angeles: Knapp Press, 1979.

Freitag, Peter J. "The Values of industrial society as expressed by board and card games." Ephemera Journal, Vol. 6, 1993, pp. 21-39.

Goodfellow, Caroline G. A Collector's guide to games and puzzles. Secaucus, NJ: Chartwell, 1991.

Kayyem, Marisa. Victorian pleasures: American board and table games of the nineteenth century from the Liman collection. New York: Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, 1991.

Whitehill, Bruce. Games: American boxed games and their makers, 1822-1992, with values. Radnor, Pa.: Wallace-Homestead Book Co., 1992.


Coysh, A.W. Collecting Bookmarkers. Newton Abbott, Eng. and Vancouver, Can.: David & Charles, 1974.

Sprake, Austin. Stevengraphs: the reference book on Thomas Stevens' mounted silk woven pictures and silk woven bookmarkers. St. Peter Port, Eng.: A. Sprake & M. Darby, 1968.


Allen, Charles D. American Book-Plates: A Guide to their Study. New York: Hacker Art Books, 1968.

Arellanes, Audrey. Bookplates: A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Periodical Literature. 1971.

Berryman, Florence Seville. Early American bookplates. Washington, D.C.: The American Society of Bookplate Collectors and Designers, 1925.

Johnson, Fridolf. A Treasury of Bookplates from the Renaissance to the Present. New York: Dover, 1977.

Lee, Brian North. London Bookplates. London: Bookplate Society, 1985.


Baumgardner, Georgia B. "Vignettes of the Past: American Historical Broadsides through the War of 1812." Printing History. vol. no., 1982, pp. 37-48.

Campbell, H.C. A Century of Ontario Broadsides, 1793-1893. Toronto: Toronto Public Library, 1965.

Ford, Worthington Chauncey. Broadsides, ballads, &c. printed in Massachusetts, 1639-1800. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1922.

Rickards, Maurice. The Public Notice. Newton Abbott, Eng.: David & Charles, 1973.

Shipton, Clifford K. Some Early Massachusetts Broadsides. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1964.


Gabor, Mark. Art of the Calendar. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1976.

Richards, E. G. Mapping time: the calendar and its history. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Cameo cards

Cameo cards and Bella Landauer. Schoharie, NY: Ephemera Society of America, 1992.


Allen, Alistair. The history of printed scraps. London: New Cavendish Books, 1983.

Cate, Phillip Dennis. The color revolution: color lithography in France, 1890-1900; with a translation by Margaret Needham of Andrâe Mellerio's 1898 essay La lithographie originale en couleurs. Santa Barbara : P. Smith, 1978.

Marzio, Peter C. The Democratic art : an exhibition on the history of chromolithography in America, 1840-1900. Fort Worth, Tex.: Amon Carter Museum, 1979.

Commercial catalogs

McKinstry, E. Richard. Trade Catalogues at Winterthur: A Guide to the Literature of Merchandising, 1750 to 1980. New York: Garland Press, 1984.

Romaine, Lawrence. Guide to American Trade Catalogs, 1744-1900. New York: Bowker, 1960.

Schlereth, Thomas J. "Mail-Order Catalogs as Resources in Material Culture Studies." In: Artifacts and the American Past. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association for State and Local History, pp. 48-65.

Crate labels

Fruit Box Labels

Davis, Alec. Package and print: the development of container and label design. London: Faber & Faber, 1967.

Last, Jay T. "California orange box labels." Ephemera Journal, Vol. 1, 1987, pp. 11-13.

McClelland, Gordon T. and Jay T. Last. Fruit box labels: a collector’s guide. Beverly Hills, Cal.: Hillcrest Press, 1983.

Salkin, John and Laurie Gordon. Orange Crate Art. New York: Warner Books, 1976.


Lichten, Frances. Fraktur: the illuminated manuscripts of the Pennsylvania Dutch. Philadelphia: Free Library of Philadelphia, 1958.

Moyer, Dennis K. Fraktur writings and folk art drawings of the Schwenkfelder Library collection. Kutztown, Pa.: Pennsylvania German Society, 1998.

Shelley, Donald A. The Fraktur Writings or Illuminated Manuscripts of the Pennsylvania Germans. Allentown, Pa.: Pennsylvania German Folklore Society, 1961.

Weiser, Frederick S. "Fraktur." In Arts of the Pennsylvania Germans, p. 230-264. New York: Published for the Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum by W.W. Norton & Co.,1983.

Greeting cards

Chase, Ernest Duadley. The Romance of greeting cards: an historical account of the origin, evolution, and development of the Christmas card, valentine, and other forms of engraved or printed greetings from the earliest days to the present time. Detroit: Tower Books, 1971.

Seddon, Laura. A Gallery of greetings: a guide to the Seddon Collection of greeting cards in Manchester Polytechnic Library. Manchester, Eng.: Manchester Polytechnic Library, 1992.

Stern, Ellen Stock. The Very best from Hallmark: greeting cards through the years. New York: Abrams, 1988.

Lottery tickets

Landauer, Bella. Some early American lottery items. New York: Privately printed at the Harbor Press, 1928.


Adman in the Parlor

Dancyger, Irene. A World of Women: an illustrated history of women's magazines. Dublin, Ire.: Gill and Macmillan, 1978.

Edgar, Neal L. A History and Bibliography of American Magazines, 1810-1820. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1975.

Garvey, Ellen Gruber. The Adman in the Parlor: magazines and the gendering of consumer culture, 1880s-1910s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Mott, Frank Luther. A History of American Magazines. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1957-1968.

Pierce, Sally. "Gleason’s Pictorial: elevating and celebrating American life." Ephemera Journal, Vol. 5, 1992, pp. 12-24.

Richardson, Lyon N. A History of early American magazines, 1741-1789. New York: Octagon Books, 1966.

White, Cynthia Leslie. Women's Magazines, 1693-1968. London, Eng.: Joseph, 1970.

Wood, James Playsted. Magazines in the United States: their social and economic influence. New York: Ronald Press Co., 1949.

Zuckerman, Mary Ellen. A History of Popular Women's Magazines in the United States, 1792-1995. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1998.


Beresiner, Yasha and Colin Narbeth. The Story of Paper Money. Newton Abbott, Eng.: David & Charles, 1973.

Friedberg, Robert and Jack Friedbert. Paper Money of the U.S. New York: Sterling, 1975.

Newman, Eric P. The Early Paper Money of America: An Illustrated, Historical, and Descriptive Compilation of Data … 1686 to the Year 1800. Racine, Wis.: Western Publishing, 1976.

Printing in AmericaNewspapers

Hamilton, Milton W. The Country printer: New York, State, 1785-1830. New York: Columbia University Press, 1936.

Tebbel, John William. The Compact history of the American newspaper. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1963.

Thomas, Isaiah. The History of printing in America: with a biography of printers & an account of newspapers; edited by Marcus A. McCorison from the second edition. New York: Weathervane Books, 1970.

Paper dolls

Ackley, Edith Flack. Paper dolls: their history and how to make them. Philadelphia; New York: J. B. Lippincott, 1939.

Ferguson, Barbara Chaney. The paper doll: a collector's guide with prices. Des Moines, Iowa: Wallace-Homestead, 1982.

Howard, Marian B. Those fascinating paper dolls: an illustrated handbook for collectors. New York : Dover, 1981.

Paper DollsMusser, Cynthia Erfurt. Precious paper dolls. Cumberland, Md.: Hobby House Press, 1985.

Ryan, Edward. Paper soldiers: the illustrated history of printed paper armies of the 18th, 19th & 20th centuries. London, Eng.: Golden Age Editions, 1995.

Wallach, Anne Tolstoi. Paper dolls: how to find, recognize, buy, collect, and sell the cutouts of two centuries. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1982.

Young, Mary. A Collector’s guide to paper dolls. Paducah, Ky.: Collector Books, 1984.


Briggs, Asa. A Victorian portrait: Victorian life and values as seen through the work of studio photographers. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Davies, Thomas L. Shoots: a guide to your family's photographic heritage. Danbury, NH: Addison House, 1977.

Henisch, Heinz K. The Photographic experience, 1839-1914: images and attitudes. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994.

Schnitzspahn, Karen L. An album of animal companions: a collection of turn-of-the century photographs and ephemera. Red Bank, NJ: Coast and Pines Press, 1995.

Shaw, Renata V. A Century of photographs, 1846-1946: selected from the collections of the Library of Congress. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1980.

University of Minnesota. University Art Museum. American identities: cabinet card portraits, 1870-1910, from the Doan family collection. Minneapolis: The Museum, 1985.

Welling, William. Collectors' guide to nineteenth-century photographs. New York: Macmillan, 1976.

Playing cards

Beal, George. Playing cards and their story. Newton Abbot, Eng.: David & Charles, 1975.

Bruce Museum. Play your cards: the Stuart and Marilyn R. Kaplan playing card collection. Greenwich, Conn.: The Museum, 1996.

Hargrave, Catherine Perry. A History of playing cards and a bibliography of cards and gaming: compiled and illustrated from the old cards and books in the collection of the United States Playing Card Company in Cincinnati. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1930.

Keller, William B. A Catalogue of the Cary collection of playing cards in the Yale University library. New Haven: The Library, 1981.

Mann, Sylvia. Collecting playing cards. New York: Bell Pub. Co., 1966.

Peabody Institute. Library. The Cardboard court: playing cards through history. Baltimore: The Institute, 1960.

Tilley, Roger. A History of playing cards. New York: C. N. Potter, 1973.


Alderson, Frederick. The Comic postcard in English life. Newton Abbot, Eng.: David & Charles, 1970.

Geary, C.M., ed. Delivering views: distant cultures in early postcards. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

Hofstra University. Emily Lowe Gallery. Wish you were here: the history of the picture postcard; an exhibition. Hempstead, NY: The Gallery, 1974.

Miller, George. Picture postcards in the United States, 1893-1918. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, 1976.

Morgan, Hal. Prairie fires and paper moons: the American photographic postcard, 1900-1920. Boston: David R. Godine, 1981.

Rubin, Cynthia Elyce. Larger than life: the American tall-tale postcard, 1905-1915. New York: Abbeville Press, 1990.

Staff, Frank. The picture postcard & its origins. New York: F.A. Praeger, 1966.

Welch, Naomi. American & European postcards of Harrison Fisher, illustrator. La Selva Beach, Cal.: Images of the Past, 1999.



Barnicoat, John. A Concise history of posters. London: Thames & Hudson, 1972.

DeNoon, Christopher. Posters of the WPA. Los Angeles: Wheatley Press in assoc. with the Univ. of Washington Press, 1987.

Fusco, Tony. Posters: identification and price guide. New York: Avon Books, 1994.

Gallo, Max. The poster in history: with an essay on the development of poster art by Carlo Arturo Quintavalle. New York: American Heritage Pub. Co., 1974.

Hutchison, Harold Frederick. The Poster: an illustrated history from 1860. London: Studio Vista, 1968.

Margolin, Victor. The promise and the product: 200 years of American advertising posters. New York: Macmillan; London : Collier-Macmillan, 1979.

Metzl, Ervine. The Poster: its history and its art. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1963.

Rawls, Walton H. Wake up, America!: World War I and the American poster; foreword by Maurice Rickards. New York: Abbeville Press, 1988.

Rickards, Maurice. The Rise and fall of the poster. Newton Abbot, Eng.: David & Charles, 1971.

Sainton, Roger. Art Nouveau: posters & graphics. New York: Rizzoli, 1977.

Weill, Alain. The Poster: a worldwide survey and history. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1985.


Drepperd, Carl William. Early American advertising art: a collection of wood cut and stereotype illustrations used in American newspaper, almanac and magazine advertising, 1750 to 1850. New York : The Youth Group of Magazines, 1943.

Fowble, E. McSherry. Two centuries of prints in America: a selective catalogue of the Winterthur Museum collection. Charlottesville, Va.: University Press of Virginia, 1987.

Lewis, Benjamin M. A Guide to engravings in American magazines, 1741-1810. New York: New York Public Library, 1959.

Madigan, Mary Jean, ed. Prints & photographs: understanding, appreciating, collecting. New York: Billboard Publications, 1983.

Rawls, Walton H. The Great book of Currier & Ives' America. New YoRewards of Meritrk: Abbeville Press, 1979.

Stokes, I.N. and Daniel C. Haskell. American historical prints: early views of American cities, etc. New York: New York Public Library, 1932.

Wainwright, Nicholas B. Philadelphia in the romantic age of lithography. Philadelphia: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1958.

Rewards of Merit

Fenn, Patricia and Alfred P. Malpa. Rewards of Merit : tokens of a child's progress and a teacher's esteem as an enduring aspect of American religious and secular education. [N.p.]: Ephemera Society of America, 1994.


Miller, M. Stephen. From Shaker Lands and Shaker Hands. Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England, 2007.

Sheet music

Bonin, Jean M. American life in our piano benches: the art of sheet music; Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 21 September-10 November 1985. Madison: The University, 1985.

Dichter, Harry. Early American sheet music, its lure and its lore, 1768-1899…including a directory of early American music publishers. New York: Bowker, 1941.

Jackson, Richard. Popular songs of nineteenth-century America: complete original sheet music for 64 songs. New York: Dover Publications, 1976.

Klamkin, Marian. Old sheet music: a pictorial history. New York: Hawthorn Books, 1975.

Landauer, Bella. My city 'tis of thee: New York City on sheet-music covers; selections from the music collection of Bella C. Landauer at the New-York Historical Society. New York: The Society, 1951.

Levy, Lester S. Picture the songs: lithographs from the sheet music of nineteenth-century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1976.

Pearsall, Ronald. Victorian sheet music covers. Detroit : Gale Research, 1972.

Street literature

Collison, Robert Lewis. The Story of street literature: forerunner of the popular press. London, Eng.: Dent, 1973.

Day, Mahlon. New York street cries in rhyme: with a new introduction by Leonard S. Marcus. New York: Dover, 1977.

Gretton, Thomas. Murders and moralities: English catchpenny prints, 1800-1860. London, Eng.: Colonnade Books, 1980.

Shepard, Leslie. The History of street literature: the story of broadside ballads, chapbooks, proclamations, news-sheets, election bills, tracts, pamphlets, cocks, catchpennies and other ephemera. Newton Abbot, Eng.: David and Charles, 1973.


Davis, W. J. Tickets and passes of Great Britain and Ireland: struck or engraved on metal, ivory, etc. for use at theatres, public gardens, shows, exhibitions, clubs, societies, schools and colleges; also truck tickets, colliery checks, railway passes, gambling, lottery and racing tickets, etc. New York: Burt Franklin, 1973.

Moger, Victoria. The Favour of your company: tickets and invitations to London events and places of interest, c.1750 - c.1850. London: The Museum of London in association with The Wynkyn de Worde Society ... and the Sandstone Press, 1980.

Trade cards

Beckman, Thomas. "Japanese influences on American trade card imagery and design." Ephemera Journal, Vol. 5, 1992, pp. 35-49.

Crane, Ben. The Before and after trade card. Schoharie, NY: Ephemera Society of America, 1995.

Devos, Thierry. Chromos, les premières publicités (The First Advertising Cards). Armonia Press. 2007

Dilg, John. "The Advertising trade card: form as an analogue of the content of commerce." Ephemera Journal, Vol. 4, 1991, pp. 1-16.

Heal, Ambrose. London tradesmen’s cards of the XVIII century: an account of their origin and use. New York: Dover, 1968.

Helfand, William H. "Trade cards of health professionals." Ephemera Journal, Vol. 1, 1987, pp. 23-27.

Jay, Robert. The trade card in nineteenth-century America. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1987.

Landauer, Bella. Early American trade cards from the collection of Bella C. Landauer: with critical notes by Adele Jenny. New York: W.E. Rudge, 1927.

Malpa, Alfred P. "Transportation images on Rewards of Merit." Ephemera Journal, Vol. 7, 1994, pp. 38-47.


Kreider, Katherine. One hundred years of valentines. Atglen, Pa.: Schiffer, 1999.

Lee, Ruth Webb. A History of valentines. New York: Studio Press in association with Crowell, 1952.

Staff, Frank. The Valentine & its origins. New York: Praeger, 1969.

Visiting cards

Banfield, Edwin. Visiting cards and cases. Trowbridge, Eng.: Baros Books, 1989.

Darrah, William Culp. Cartes de visite in nineteenth century photography. Gettysburg, Pa.: The Author, 1981.

Longstreet, Abby Buchanan. Good form: cards, their significance and proper uses as governed by the usages of New York society. New York: F. A. Stokes & Brother, 1889.

Schang, F. C. Visiting cards of painters: from the collection of F.C. Schang, with comment by him. New York: Wittenborn Art Books, 1983.

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